5 Types of Shots Used In Production

5 Types of Shots Used In Production

Whether you’re new to production or just have a passing interest, it’s always good to know some basic anatomy of filmmaking.

Here are five types of shots used in most productions.

Wide Shot

A wide shot, or a long shot, shows the entire object or human figure and is usually intended to place it in some relation to its surroundings.

Wide shot North By Northwest

Medium Shot

A medium shot is captured at a medium distance from the subject. It’s used for dialogue scenes but can also depict body language or setting.

Medium Shot Twin Peaks

Close Up Shot

A close-up shot is of the subject or object at close range intended to show greater detail to the viewer. Audiences recognize the imagery in the frame, and when the close-up is on an actor, there will be a much more significant emotional connection between the audience to the subject in the frame. Close-up shots signal to the audience that something is important. This can be a prop (like below) or reaction.

Close Up A Nightmare on Elm Street

Two Shot

A two shot is exactly what it sounds like; it frames two subjects in the same frame. These subjects do not have to be next to each other as the example below, they can be facing each other, away, whatever really as long as two subjects are in the frame.

Two shots are great for showing back and forth dialogue to catch emotional reactions for coverage.

Two Shot The Shining

Dutch Angle

Dutch angles are used to express a feeling of tension or disorientation. As with the example of Jaws below, the dutch angle is a slightly tilted close up. However, common practice says to use these sparingly.

Dutch Angle Jaws

Tune in next time for another post in our Production 101 series for more tidbits like this!